Health insurance and the presidential race
As governor, Mitt Romney's signature move on health care introduced a mandate. By a curious coincidence, President Obama modeled the Affordable Care Act on the Republican law. Ignoring the politics of what followed, the debate usually divides along the right of individuals to choose vs big government. As a matter of fact, this is completely wrongheaded. The debate should be about controlling the cost of health care which is rising faster than inflation. If this cannot be done and the health of patients is being prejudiced, the burden of subsidizing access to care should be accepted by employers and states. We need a healthy population.
Romney and Ryan want to change Medicare into a voucher program. The problem is that, if the value of the vouchers fails to keep up with rising costs, the elderly will be forced to pay more of the cost of their own care. Worse, the Medicare service has been controlling costs. If this "business" was passed over to private insurers, it would add to inflationary pressures and all costs would rise. This is a nonsense.
The only real option for a sustainable future is to positively control costs. This means forcing hospitals and doctors to switch to preventive medicine and, if people do fall ill, using the most cost-effective treatments where there's evidence of good outcomes. At present, hospitals do not need to limit the range of tests they perform nor are they limited in the treatments they can use. This means bills are inflated as hospitals maximize their profits without actually delivering the best value for money to the patients. Sadly, this is also a major defect in the President's confirmation that he will continue with the Affordable Care Act as it is. With costs rising fast, health insurance quotes will rise no matter whether purchased directly or through one of the new exchanges. Only when costs are controlled will insurance be affordable. It may never be possible to get back to cheap health insurance unless government provides subsidies. That would be redistribution and so unacceptable to many voters.